The Heritage Apple Orchard currently consist of four (4) apple cultivars: the Kerry Pippin, the St. Edmund's Pippin, the Carpentin and the Calville Blanc d'Hiver. Each of the apple cultivars were chosen to represent a specific ancestral lineage of the farm's family. There are still three (3) more cultivars that are being searched for to represent other lineages. Old Oak Estate Farm is proud to state that all cultivars are heirloom varieties and are not hybrid apples. All of the cultivars are at least 100 years old and have been specific characteristics that may each one special.
Calville Blanc d'Hiver - The Briesacher's French Lineage
This is an old French cultivar dating back to the 1600s. It is said that this apple came from a chance seedling in Normandy, therefore it's paternal and maternal sources are not known.
It is very high in Vitamin C and has an effervescent flavor. Some say it has a small taste of lemon chiffon, therefore, it is not good for fresh eating but as a baked dessert, this apple is the best, so much so, that it has been highly esteemed in France and the world for it's baking properties.
It is rather and odd shaped apple that depending on seasons can be green/yellow to a red/yellow to a red/green. It is an early bloomers and therefore needs to be polinated by another early bloomer. The Calville Blanc has pink to light pink blossoms.
Even the famous French painter, Claude Monet, painted it many times in his still lifes. Not only has this apple found itself in high class French cuisine but because of it effervescent properties it makes excellent apple cider as well as apple vinegar. The Claville Blanc ripens in October. However, it will be a few more years before this apple tree reaches it's peak in quality but until then it's beauitful blossoms will be admired each Spring.
The Kerry Irish Pippin - The Hayes' Irish Lineage
The Kerry Irish Pippin originated in County Kerry during the beginning of the 1800s. It became establish mainly because of a nurseman in Kilkenny by the name of Mr. Robertson.
This is small crisp apple is yellow but becomes a dark yellow with specs of red stripes striped as it ripens in the Sun. It is hardy and is said to be a good bearer.
This mid seaons apple that can be used in desserts. Some say it has a tinged flavor reminiscence of Boysenberry and can be also eating right off the tree, so we cannot wait to have our first bite.
St. Edmund's Russet - The Smith/Hodgson/Frederick English Lineage
St. Edmund's Russet has slight velvet feel on the skin, though some say the russet skin feel more like fine sandpaper which does not sound very appetizing. The apple is, however, very juicy and those that are fans of russets say the St. Edmund's is superior in flavor with a tangy sweetness while others describe its flavor as pear-like vanilla ice cream. Due to it's juice content the St. Edmund is mainly used for cider.
The history of the St. Edmund is a little obscure for parentage of this cultivar is unknown. Some accounts place the tree in history as late as 1870 from Bury, St. Edmund, Suffolk, England and grown by a chance seedling, while other account says the cultivar is possibly older circa 1700s. What is for certain is that in 1875 this St. Edmund's cultivar won the First Class Certificate from the Royal Horticultural Society in England. It is also known as St. Edmund's Pippin.
Carpentin - The Vollmer/Mueller/Metzler/Rauch Lineage
The Carpentin is a tiny apple with a red russet skin and red juicy flesh. As a fresh eating apple the taste is unique for it has the privilege to be flavored after Anise or Liquorice. It is juicy and crisp and has a lcold storage life.
Originating along the Rhine region between Germany and France, the Carpentin was chosen for our heritage orchard for that fact. The Vollmers, Muellers, Metzler, and Rauch all seem to have hailed from the Hessen region on the German side. The Carpentin has all but died out in the States where it has been known as the Carnation.